Using hydrostatic pressure to inactivate spoilage yeasts

by | Oct 18, 2020 | South Africa Wine Scan

The aim of the research was to investigate a potential application of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) for reduction/elimination of Brettanomyces bruxellensis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in wines.

Dry red wine was inoculated with B. bruxellensis and sweet white wine was inoculated with S. cerevisiae yeast.
Both wines were treated by HHP under 100 and 200 MPa for 1, 3, 5, 15 and 25 min.
The culturability was determined immediately after the treatment and again after 30, 60 and 90 days of storage.
The phenolic content and chromatic characteristics were evaluated spectrophotometrically immediately after the treatment and after 90 days of storage.

The culturability of B. bruxellensis was not confirmed immediately after the most invasive treatment (200 MPa for 15 and 25 min).
With the same parameters, only a decrease in the culturability of S. cerevisiae was observed.
During storage, opposing results were observed for two yeasts treated with 200 MPa for 15 and 25 min: there was a complete reduction of S. cerevisiae in the wine treated, but the culturability of B. bruxellensis completely recovered in all wines, implying that B. bruxellensis yeast entered a viable but not culturable (VBNC) state after HHP exposure.
Regarding the chemical analyses, applied process parameters induced a slight decrease of anthocyanins in red wine, while changes of total phenolics and total colour difference value were negligible.

In conclusion, HHP could potentially be successful for microbial stabilisation of sweet wines and consequently assure a lower use of sulphur dioxide, while inactivation of B. bruxellensis could only be successful in the early stages of wine contamination.

TomaševićM., KrižanovićS., JežekD., ĆurkoN., LukićK., & Kovačević GanićK. (2020). Inactivation of Brettanomyces bruxellensis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae in dry and sweet wines by high hydrostatic pressure. OENO One, 54(4), 657-670.

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