Cover Crops in South African Vineyards

This book, based on decades of research by respected scientist Dr Johan Fourie, formerly of the ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij, describes the interaction of cover crops with vineyards, and how grape producers can integrate cover crops into their own systems. Cover crops offer many benefits to grape producers, having been shown to suppress weeds; reduce soil compaction and erosion; improve water infiltration and retention; and boost soil fertility.

Fourie assessed many different cover crops to identify the best candidates for different regions and soil types. He conducted long-term trials in vineyards to determine cover-crop effects on weeds; water use; soil carbon, nitrogen, and other minerals; and grapevine nitrogen, vegetative growth, and yields. Different cover-crop management strategies were also evaluated.

Most of the trials ran for 10–12 years in vineyards at ARC Infruitec-Nietvoorbij research farms in Lutzville, Robertson, and Stellenbosch, representing three of the major grape-growing regions of South Africa. This book summarises the results, as well as results of trials in Keimoes and Oudtshoorn. It provides practical recommendations on establishing and managing cover crops in vineyards, and will be a valuable resource for grape producers.

The winemaker’s guide to wine in a can

Canned wines have been gaining popularity in the international market, but for most winemakers the process is still new. According to the author, Dr Carien Coetzee, there are various factors to consider with regards to the aluminium packaging, as well as producing wine for this specific packaging.

“All wines made for canning can also be packaged in glass bottles, but not all wine prepared for glass bottles can be canned.”

It is important for winemakers to understand these risk factors associated with canned wines, as the development of wine faults post packaging can harm potential market growth.

The book consolidates information obtained from scientific publications, personal communication with companies Nampak Bevcan (South African can manufacturer), Enartis USA, Tiny Keg Can Co (South African can filling company) and three international reviewers: Neil Scrimgeour (The Australian Wine Research Institute), Dr Eric Wilkes (The Australian Wine Research Institute) and Prof. Gavin Sacks (Cornell University). The book was conceptualised and published by Winetech.

Soil Preparation for Sustainable Wine and Table Grape Vineyards

This book covers knowledge gleaned from research and practical experience that accumulated in South Africa over the past 100 years. Soil preparation, often regarded as deep tillage only, also includes many other forms of soil profile modification such as ridging, drainage, terracing, reclamation of saline soils and even planting holes. Soil type predominantly determines what soil preparation practices and implements are required. The book aims to give practical information on these topics, but also to explain the background to such recommendations and to provide experimental evidence in support. Throughout the book, the aim of soil profile modification takes into account root distribution, which is a prerequisite for maximised and sustainable grapevine performance. The target readership is growers, students, technical advisors as well as researchers who wish to delve further into the subject in order to continue work in this field.

Handbook for irrigation of wine grapes in South Africa

Handbook for irrigation of wine grapes in South Africa is in essence a summary of the wine grape irrigation research carried out in South Africa over a period of more than 50 years. The research was carried out to develop irrigation guidelines, particularly with respect to optimising wine quality and maximizing water use efficiency.

Therefore, the primary focus of the book is on practical irrigation, rather than the physiology concerning grapevine water relations. In addition to irrigation strategies, and the scheduling thereof, related aspects such as climate, soil properties, water quality, irrigation systems, as well as frost protection are also addressed. It is envisaged that the book will be a useful guide for present and future generations of wine grape growers, as well as viticulture students.


Hierdie boek is ‘n uitvloeisel van geïdentifiseerde bedryfsprioriteite, nagevors en geskryf deur twee veteraan tegniese rolspelers. Spesiale aandag word verleen aan die klassieke historiese bydraes van hoogsaangeskrewe buitelandse werkers, wat nie geredelik vir alle belangstellendes toeganklik is nie. Dit handel oor alle aspekte van wingerdwortels, soos die groei, morfologie, anatomie, fisiologie en funksies daarvan.

Voorts gee dit ook ‘n oorsig van metodes van wortelondersoeke, asook van die faktore wat die groei en verspreiding van wingerdwortels affekteer, gevolg deur bespreking van tegnieke gerig op die onderhoud van wingerdwortels ten einde wyndruifverbouiing in Suid-Afrika haalbaar en volhoubaar te maak.

Vine Roots

This book is the result of identified industry priorities, researched and written by two veteran technical role players. Special emphasis is placed on classic historical contributions by highly regarded international workers that are not readily available to all. It deals with all aspects of grapevine roots, such as the growth, morphology, anatomy, physiology and functions thereof.

Furthermore, it also gives a review of methods of root investigations, as well as of factors that affect the growth and distribution of grapevine roots. This is followed by a discussion of techniques aimed at the maintenance of grapevine roots in order to make grapevine cultivation in South Africa viable and sustainable.

Bemestingsriglyne vir die wynbedryf

Daar word met hierdie hersiening (2016) gepoog om geloofwaardige besluitnemingsgereedskap daar te stel vir die produsente en adviseurs wat in belang van die produsent sal wees en wat gebaseer is op veral bevindinge van bemestingsproewe. Heelwat vrae bestaan rondom die bemesting van wyndruiwe en veral die spesifieke voedingselement-behoeftes wat tans nie deur die 1994 Wingerdbemestingshandleiding beantwoord word nie. Dis belangrik dat alle adviseurs t.o.v. wingerdvoeding in die SA wynbedryf op grond van dieselfde wetenskaplike aannames/feite bemestingsaanbevelings sal maak aan produsente. Dit is ook belangrik dat almal weer op hoogte kom van die nuutste navorsingsinligting (plaaslik en oorsee) asook praktiese kennis en ervaring. Die dokument kan ook as opleidingsmateriaal (module vir wingerdvoeding) vir alle studente in grondkunde en wingerdkunde dien.

Fertiliser Guidelines for the wine industry

This revision (2016) aims to bring about credible decision-making tools for producers and advisors that are in the best interest of the producer and are especially based on the findings of fertilisation trials. Many questions exist regarding the fertilisation of wine grapes and in particular the specific nutrient element requirements, which the 1994 vineyard fertilisation manual currently does not provide answers for. It is important that all advisors in the SA wine industry shall make fertilisation recommendations to producers based on the same scientific assumptions/facts. It is also important that everyone in the industry is brought up to date with the latest research information (locally and abroad), as well as practical knowledge and experience. This document can also serve as training material (module for vineyard nutrition) for all students in soil science and viticulture.

Gids tot Wingerdabnormaliteite in Suid-Afrika

In hierdie inspirerende publikasie verken die skrywer, P.G. Goussard, die omvangryke voorkoms van abnormaliteits-geïnduseerde wingerdprobleme – om sodoende alle belanghebbendes in die vermoë te plaas om tydig en effektief in terme van voorkomende maatreëls, in samehang met beheer- en/of regstellende strategieë op te tree. Die lesersvriendelike en eenvoudig verstaanbare benadering, gerugsteun deur omvattende vergelykende besonderhede, maak ’n Gids tot Wingerdabnormaliteite in Suid-Afrika ’n noodsaaklike metgesel vir beide die leek en die wingerdspesialis

Guide to Grapevine Abnormalities in South Africa

In this inspiring publication, author PG Goussard explores the extensive occurrence of abnormality induced vineyard problems – so that all stakeholders in the industry can be empowered to act timely and effectively, in terms of preventative measures and in conjunction with control and/or rectifying strategies. The easy-to-read and easy to understand approach, combined with comprehensive comparative detail, makes A Guide to Grapevine Abnormalities in South Africa an essential companion for both the novice and the vineyard specialist.

Annual growth cycle of a grapevine

Phenology refers to the main categories of growth and development stages during the lifetime of a plant. In this richly illustrated publication the annual growth cycle of a grapevine is visually displayed and explained. This publication should be of huge benefit to learners, producers and viticulturists in general.
Text in Afrikaans, English and Xhosa